Dec 31, 2013

Happy new year 2014

Mirmee foundation will add something new for the advancement of its operation;
1. Membership increment
2. Professional content editor hiring
3. E paper publishing
4. Develop and launch of site for the sake of mirmee and surrounding, a . Com site
5. Find dedicated team members in different countries and make them committed.

Now cheers! For the 2014!

Dec 26, 2013

Japan scholarships 2014

For graduate and post graduate courses in scholarship

Dec 18, 2013

Scroll the lens man!

Culture and language in Japan: A guide to self-disciplined society!

No more words, but just wanna share that the way Japanese people speak and have conversation is so much respectful and satisfactory that I have ever felt. Peace is the achievement through continuous improvement on culture, or you can say the system! I will follow in my life, you wanna follow? Follow me! Hehe!!!

Dec 12, 2013

Street walk at night

Confidence and success :

Confidence is a funny thing – sometimes it’s difficult to imagine why someone doesn’t feel confident about their ability to handle a situation when we know they could easily do it.

A key issue to understand is that inside all of us there’s a voice which determines how we react to many of life’s situations.  It’s a voice which tells us which things we’re good at and which things we’re likely to fail at.

It’s a voice we generate ourselves based on many years of experience of life. Very often it can be helpful but it can also be a great handicap.

Never underestimate the power of positive thinking.  Every day we hear about human achievements which initially, people probably scoffed at and said ‘You’ll never do it!’  However when someone really believes in their ability to deliver, they often make it.

Most people go through their lives at a level of personal achievement far below what they could really do.  This is mostly because no one has ever taken the time to nurture or encourage them.

The greater the ability someone has to attain their full potential the better the chance they will perform at their highest level and ultimately succeed.

What does success mean?

Different people measure success differently, some people’s views of success are:

  • For many it will be money, power, or material possessions
  • Or perhaps promotion and the enhanced status that comes with it
  • Others will judge their success in life by their ability to influence their surroundings in a much broader sense, for example, improving the environment
  • Others will especially value relationships with their immediate circle of family, friends or colleagues
  • Many people find satisfaction in helping, either materially or spiritually, people less able than themselves, or those who are disadvantaged in some way.

4 Key ways to be successful in life:

  1. Develop a positive self-image
  2. Adopt a ‘can do’ approach
  3. Be clear about what you want
  4. Develop a written action plan

Source: MBA knowledge base

Nepal Namasute Association: a day with the person who realized thepotential on Nepeople.

It's unknown to me where I was going, I was just going with my friends: Anish and  Mohan; that's it! I went to the office located in takadanobaba shinjuku. Mr. Yukoo Takano. He is a boxing player. His, like public announcement was Nepal would be identified as the country of boxers! And he added he wants to help nepali people in japan to involve and earn better, to find job and help the government of Japan for the upcoming 2020 Olympic in Tokyo.
I am really impressed by his love for nation and willingness to bridge Nepal and Japan.

Dec 11, 2013

Ph D : scholarship in Japan

Click the link below or copy paste in the browser

I can not stay with out this blog !

Nearer to sky tree, Hirai, Tokyo
Dear regular readers and the team 

This is me Bishnu Neupane, currently in Tokyo and today in this auspicious occasion dated 11/12/13 i.e. 11 dec 2013 and I will keep keep posting from my side. keep me suggesting...! good time ahead!

Skype: bishnu.neupane2013

Oct 21, 2013

nepal's no.1 Travel Brand.

Scholarship in Pokhara University for BBA/ BE and other programs.

Sep 18, 2013

HSEB REsult 2070 View

View Result of HSEB (Science, Management, Education, Arts) 2070

Finally the countdown has begun. With the results for HSEB grade 12 science already published, the students of Management, Education and Commerce faculties have been waiting eagerly for their results. And since there has been a healthy rise in the number of passing number of science students this year, almost everyone is speculating to see a similar uphill in the results to be published now. Going by the latest updates,  the results for Management, Education and Commerce should be out somewhere towards the end of second week of September. The wait is certainly very unnerving for most of students. But again, you can utilize all this free time to ponder on your future career choices since there are a number of promising options and opportunities out there for you to grab.

Study: BE, BBA, Bsc

Sep 17, 2013

Words of Bhawan Bhatta

I came to Japan as a foreign student in 1998, the year of Nagano Winter Olympic.
Emotional scenes of the Olympic games are still well remembered, it was an unforgettable event for a Nepali alone away from home.
As they call the Japanese economy after the bubble collapsed "The lost 20 years," there is no sense of prosperity and things have been slowdown as the result of the global recession stem from sub-prime loans. The massive earthquake in East Japan of March 11th gave us a big blow mentally and the stronger yen hit our economy profoundly.
I learned know-how of restaurants by washing dishes as a part-time job while studying in university. Since I established TBI in 2003, I opened 46 restaurants as of January 2011. As the restaurant business reflects economic trends quite well, we had serial ups & downs and trial & error. We never had a smooth sailing.
I am very interested in Japanese culture and tradition. The strong urge to get to know Bushido, samurai code of chivalry, made me choose Japan as my place for study abroad.
I was deeply moved to learn the words of Ieyasu Tokugawa, one of the most famous Japanese military commander, "I have nothing but a lot of soldiers who totally commit themselves to me, they are my treasures." This was the answer to a question raised from Shogun of that time, Hideyoshi Toyotomi, "What is your treasure?"
Bushido is regarded as self- discipline, loyalty and devotion. It cannot exist without mutual trust. I am proud of our "trust" and "togetherness" with TBI staff which is as strong as that of Hideyoshi or Iyeyasu.
Our company name "TBI" is the abbreviation for "TOTAL BUSINESS INSTITUTE."
Business gives us a lot of chances and dreams. I've learned the attitude of never-give-up in order to make my dream come true through the part-time job during the school years. And the experience, knowledge and fellows from that period are the base of my current business.
There is a limit doing business alone by myself. Perspectives from different angles will help us to discover unexpected new things. I believe we can make it when the perpetual effort and strong will of each person get together. In other words, TBI is a canvas for everyone to draw their dreams and make it come true.
"Booming economy is good, recession is even better," said Mr. Kounosuke Matsushita.
All the members of TBI are ready for the new era of leaping, challenging any chances and believing in the infinite possibility.
We appreciate your continuous support. Thank you.

Research Scholarship

Notice Published by: Nepa School of Social Sciences and Humanities
Notice for: Research Scholarships
Year: 2013
sponsored links
Nepā School of Social Sciences and Humanities is inviting applications for research fellowships from Nepalese students for the year 2013.
Senior Research Fellowship / Research Fellowship for 12 or 18 months
Junior Research Fellowship for 6 or 12 months
Application deadline is 2 October 2013.

Sep 9, 2013

Nepal Vs Afganisthan SAFF semifinal watch

होटल फेवा प्रिन्स बन्द

पोखराको तीन तारे होटल फेवा प्रिन्स बन्द भएपछि त्यहा कार्यरत कर्मचारी बेरोजगार भएका छन् ।मासिक घाटाको कारण देखाउदै ब्यबस्थापन पक्षले अर्को ब्यबस्था नभए सम्मको लागि होटल बन्द गरेको हो । घाटामा होटल संचालन गरिरहनुपरेको अबस्थामा मजदुरले तलब बद्धीको माग राखेकाले बन्द गर्ने निर्णयमा पुगेको प्रबन्ध निर्देशक नरेश शंकर पालिखेले बताए ।

 तलब बृद्धिको माग राख्दा ब्यबस्थापन पक्षले होटलनै बन्द गरेपछि ४० जना मजदुर बेरोजगार भएका हुन् । 

चाडपर्बको मुखमा भएको जागिर पनि गुमेपछि मजदुरहरु चिन्तामा परेका छन् । ‘ चाडबाड सुरु भैसक्यो , दशै तिहार मुखमै आईसक्यो ’ एक मजदुरले भने अब कसरी चाडपर्ब मनाउने भन्ने चिन्ता लाग्न थालेको छ । ’ होटल नियमित संचालनमा आउनुपर्ने र सम्मानजक रुपमा काम गर्न पाउनुपर्ने माग सहित मजदुरहरु दिनहु गेटमा धर्ना दिईरहेका छन् । 

ब्यबस्थापन पक्षले एकतर्फि होटल बन्द भएको भन्दै मजदुरलाई प्रबेशमा रोक लगाएको छ । बिहिबार काम सकेर घर गएका मजदुर शुक्रबार नियमित कामको लागि आउदा होटलको मुल गेटमा भित्रैबाट ताला लगाईएको थियो । भित्र पस्न खोज्दा होटल बन्द भैसकेको भन्दै ब्यबस्थापन पक्षले कुनैपनि मजदुरलाई भित्र प्रबेश गर्न दिएको छैन । 
यसअघि होटल बन्द गर्नेबारे भन्दा पनि कसरी संचालन गर्ने भन्ने बारे मात्र आफुहरुसंग छलफल हुदै आएपनि एक्कासी मजदुरलाई कामबाट निकाली होटल बन्द गरिएको मजदुरहरुले बताएका छन् । मजदुरहरु आज श्रम कार्यालय पोखरामा ‘ तलब बढाउन आग्रह गर्दा उल्टो कामबाट निकाली होटल बन्द गर्ने धम्की आयो एक कर्मचारीले भने – हाम्रो रोजगारीको ग्यारेण्टी हुनुपर्छ । ’ 

यसैबिच सहमतिको लागि बार्तामा आउन दुबै पक्षलाई श्रमले पत्र काटेको छ । श्रम कार्यालय पोखराले होटल ब्यबस्थापन र मजदुरलाई भदौ ३० गते बार्तामा आउन पत्राचार गरेको हो । श्रम ऐन २०४८ अनुसार होटल बन्द गर्दा त्यहा कार्यरत मजदुरलाई न्यूनतम पारिश्रमिकको निश्चित प्रतिशत काम गराईएको अबधिको आधारमा क्षतिपूर्ति स्वरुप उपलब्ध गराउनुपर्ने प्राबधान छ ।

प्रबन्ध निर्देशक पालिखेले क्षतिपूर्ति सहित मजदुरको पछिल्लो महिनाको तलब समेत दिन तयार भएपनि मजदुर आफै नआएको बताएका छन् । ‘ कर्मचारीलाई क्षतिपूर्ति दिन तयार छु तर होटल खुलाउन सकिन्न ’ पालिखेले भनेका छन् । 

मजदुर र ब्यबस्थापन बिच मध्यस्थता गरी समस्या समाधानको भूमिका खेल्न सक्ने होटलसंघले यसबारे आफुलाई जानकारीनै नभएको बताएको छ । होटलमा पालिखेसंगै अन्य ३ जनाको लगानी छ ।

Sep 3, 2013

Microsoft's acquisition of Nokia's troubled smartphone business :

Case Study

Microsoft swallows Nokia's phone business 

Might be it is a project gold medal: why Microsoft raced to Nokia deal?

Microsoft's Nokia acquisition is 'a necessary gamble,' analysts say.

Bishnu Neupane, Sept 4, 2013

Microsoft said it has reached an agreement to acquire the handset and services business of Nokia for about $7.2 billion, in an audacious effort to transform Microsoft’s business for a mobile era that has largely passed it by. 
Microsoft Inc.
Microsoft’s agreement to buy Nokia’s handset business, codenamed Project Gold Medal, was more of a sprint than a marathon.

Talks between the two companies began in February after both sides agreed a two-year-old collaboration on smartphone development wasn’t working, according to people familiar with the deal.

By July, Microsoft and Nokia, based near Helsinki, settled on the price and structure of a 5.44 billion euro ($8 billion) deal to buy the handset business and license its patents, the people said. Nokia’s board met more than 50 times to deliberate on a sale, a process described as a soul-searching exercise by the people, who asked not to be identified.

Timed to follow last month’s announcement that Microsoft chief executive Steve Ballmer would retire, the Nokia deal is intended to set up the US company for a renewed assault on the smartphone and tablet markets, the people said.
Once the world’s most dominant technology firm, Microsoft under Ballmer has lagged behind Google and Applein fast-growing mobile devices, amid contraction in the personal-computer market it helped invent.
“Microsoft realised that it wouldn’t be possible to succeed without controlling the entire value chain,” said Francisco Jeronimo, research director for European mobile devices at research firm IDC in London. “Nokia has realised that it needed a stronger ally with the financial muscle to continue driving its Lumia smartphones.”
Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer
Late Monday night, Microsoft and Nokia said 32,000 Nokia employees would join Microsoft as a result of the all-cash deal, which would turn the Finnish mobile phone pioneer into the engine for Microsoft’s mobile efforts.
Stephen Elop, the former Microsoft executive who was running Nokia until the deal was signed, will rejoin Microsoft after the transaction closes, setting him up as a potential successor for Steven A. Ballmer, Microsoft’s chief executive. Mr. Ballmer has said he will retire from the company within 12 months.
“This agreement is really a bold step into the future for Microsoft,” Mr. Ballmer said in a telephone interview from Finland. “We’re excited about the talent capabilities it will bring to Microsoft.”
Nokia was once the mightiest company in the mobile phone business, but it has lost much of its luster as the industry shifted to the era of the smartphone. Samsung and Apple divide nearly all of the profits in the global smartphone business now.
A megadeal between Nokia and Microsoft of the sort announced Monday night is something that pundits and analysts have speculated about for years, after Mr. Elop joined Nokia and signed a pact with Microsoft in February 2011 to standardize on the software company’s Windows Phone operating system.
The fortunes of the two companies in the mobile business have become closely intertwined since that agreement, but it has done little to turn either company into a leader in the mobile business. Windows Phone accounted for only 3.7 percent of smartphone shipments in the second quarter, according to the technology research firm IDC.
Nokia remains the second-largest shipper of mobile phones in the world after Samsung, but that is largely because of lower-end feature phones, from which consumers are moving away. Nokia is no longer among the top five makers of smartphones.
A big question is whether Microsoft and Nokia will succeed as one company where they have not as close partners. Mr. Ballmer said Microsoft and Nokia have not been as agile separately as they will be jointly, citing how development could be slowed down when intellectual property rights were held by two different companies. “There’s friction,” he said.
Carolina Milanesi, an analyst at Gartner, says she believes the deal could help the companies respond more quickly to the dynamism of the mobile market. “They need to move faster,” she said.
Large acquisitions are fraught with peril, especially in the technology business, where there are challenges to integrating employees from different backgrounds into a coherent whole.
The Nokia deal echoes Google’s $12.5 billion deal to acquire Motorola Mobility, which gave it control of a trove of mobile patents and a handset business that has yet to shine under Google’s ownership.
While Microsoft still has enormous stockpiles of cash from its lucrative software business, there has been widespread speculation about how long Nokia could make it as an independent company, given how the spoils of the industry have gravitated to companies like Apple and Samsung. For Microsoft, there was risk that Nokia could have ended up as an acquisition target for another company, creating uncertainty around the future of their earlier business partnership.
Microsoft will pay about $5 billion for Nokia’s devices and services business and $2.18 billion to license Nokia’s patents. After it sells its high profile handset operations, Nokia will be left with three primary businesses: network infrastructure and services; mapping and location services; and a technology development and licensing unit.
The company will continue to do business as Nokia, licensing the Nokia name to Microsoft for use on its mobile phones for 10 years. “For Nokia today, it’s a moment of reinvention,” Risto Siilasmaa, the chairman of Nokia’s board, said in an interview.
Mr. Siilasmaa also assumed the title of interim chief executive. Since Mr. Elop plans to join Microsoft after the deal is closed, which is expected to happen in the first quarter of 2014, he resigned as chief executive and relinquished his Nokia board seat to avoid conflicts of interest. He has become a Nokia executive vice president, reporting to Mr. Siilasmaa.
Mr. Ballmer declined to say whether Mr. Elop, considered a leading contender to be his successor because of his familiarity with Microsoft and the importance of mobile to Microsoft’s future, will be considered for the job. “Our board is running an open succession process, considering internal and external candidates,” he said.
“I think it strengthens his potential for C.E.O.,” said Ms. Milanesi, the Gartner analyst. “It makes perfect sense.”
Mr. Elop, a native of Canada whose family still lives in the Seattle area, said in an interview that he believes the industry is at a “tipping point” where a third mobile phone ecosystem, based on Windows Phone, will emerge as a more vibrant alternative to the iPhone and devices running Google’s Android operating system.
In a sign of how vital Nokia’s partnership has become to Microsoft, Mr. Ballmer said the first calls he made outside Microsoft to discuss his retirement and succession planning at the company were to Mr. Elop and Mr. Siilasmaa.
Mr. Ballmer said his conversations with Nokia about an acquisition “heated up in the last several months,” but started during a mobile industry conference in Barcelona in late February.
For Microsoft, there is also an attractive financial dimension to the deal. Because Nokia is based in Finland, Microsoft can use a portion of its foreign-held cash to pay for the acquisition, allowing it to avoid hefty taxes it would otherwise pay to bring the cash back to the United States. Microsoft took a similar approach to its $8.5 billion deal to acquire Skype, the largest deal in its history.
The plan to buy Nokia is likely to upset the other companies that use Microsoft’s Windows Phone operating system on their devices, notably HTC and, to a lesser extent, Samsung. But there is little business there for Microsoft to lose. Mr. Ballmer said that Nokia’s phone currently counts for more than 80 percent of the Windows Phones sold.

Microsoft's Nokia acquisition is 'a necessary gamble

Microsoft’s acquisition of Nokia’s Devices & Services business is a necessary gamble for the software company’s future growth in mobile, and for Nokia an admission that it doesn’t have enough resources to successfully compete with Samsung and Apple, according to analysts.
The deal is a momentous one for both companies, and the end of an era for Nokia, which will now focus on mobile networking equipment and mapping and location services.
“With mobile now firmly positioned as the world’s fastest-growing and largest computing platform we see this move as a bold but entirely necessary gamble by Microsoft,” wrote Ben Wood, chief of research at CCS Insight, in a research note.

A necessary pivot

This acquisition may prove to be Steve Ballmer's most significant.
The failure of Microsoft’s platform-only approach to the mobile market over the last 15 years—first with Windows Mobile and more recently with Windows Phone—has left it with few alternatives given its almost complete reliance on Nokia for Windows Phone devices and the competitive ecosystem strength of Google and Apple, according to Wood.
The deal, if approved, should be positive for both companies. But the challenge of integrating the two businesses shouldn’t be underestimated, especially at a time when Microsoft is in the middle of its own biggest ever re-organisation. History is littered with failed efforts of this magnitude, Wood said.
Carolina Milanesi, research vice president on Gartner’s Consumer Devices team, agreed:
“I think it is a question of timing, and time is running out for Microsoft to have a go at the mobile space. With Nokia it had a preferred partner, but this takes away any risk of Nokia moving [to another OS] or someone acquiring them,” Milanesi said.
Both think the acquisition will leave Microsoft as the sole maker of Windows Phones. That is, unless something significant happens to Android, according to Milanesi.
The speed at which Microsoft-Nokia can develop new smartphones, improve the underlying OS and get developers to create more apps will be key to the future success of Windows Phone, which is still a distant third in the ecosystem race. In the last six months Nokia has shown a greater urgency, and Milanesi hopes some of that energy will be injected into Microsoft.
The success of the deal will to a large extent depend on Microsoft’s ability to persuade the best Nokia employees to stay.
“I really think it would be a mistake by Microsoft to integrate the two and take over, because it doesn’t understand mobile. What is good about the Lumia smartphones has more to do with Nokia than Microsoft,” Milanesi said.


The biggest change for Microsoft is that it will become a smartphone vendor, but the company also has to take advantage of Nokia’s know-how across the company to make sure that mobility pervades the whole organization, she said.
The future success of any smartphone vendor, including Microsoft, will also depend on its ability to offer competitive, low-cost devices for emerging markets from where most of the growth will come.
“Emerging markets will be crucial for the next phase of computing, and the phones will be the first step,” said Milanesi.
Nokia has been addressing this segment of the market with its Asha phones. But just like the Lumia family, those products are under heavy pressure from low-cost Android-based products, and as a result their sales have suffered. Microsoft must address this by continuing to push smartphones to lower price points, and should quickly develop a lightweight variant of Windows Phone to address this, according to Wood.
To make Windows Phone run on sub-$100 devices, there is a lot Microsoft could learn from the work Nokia has done on the Asha family, according to Milanesi. That is especially true for the Asha 501, for which Nokia developed a new touch user interface, she said.
The deal between Microsoft and Nokia also highlights how competitive the smartphone market has become, according to Francisco Jeronimo, research director for European mobile devices at IDC.
“I think it’s very clear that Nokia was struggling. This is the kind of decision that isn’t taken lightly, and I am sure there was a lot of discussion within the company. But Nokia must have understood that it didn’t have enough financial resources to compete, particularly with Apple and Samsung,” Jeronimo said.
The big question is what it means to the industry as a whole, which is going through some major changes. Microsoft’s acquisition comes just three weeks after BlackBerry announced it had formed a committee to explore strategic alternatives for the future of the company that could include joint ventures or a sale of the company, as it struggles to turn its new BlackBerry 10 operating system into a success.
“This isn’t just about developing a mobile phone. This is a very mature market, so you need financial muscle to compete and if you don’t have that you will struggle. That is what has happened to Nokia and what has happened to BlackBerry and HTC,” Jeronimo said.
A vendor like HTC risks being squeezed between Apple, Google, Microsoft and others while continuing to come under extreme pressure from emerging Chinese vendors. So more industry consolidation will happen, according to Wood.
microsoft official website
newyork times

1. Why Microsoft raced to Nokia deal? What do you think?2. Why garbing Nokia is gold medal for MS? Do you believe it as a gold medal?3. Are you agree with- "Microsoft's Nokia acquisition is 'a necessary gamble"?4. How do you analyse this case in comparison with Apple, Google and Samsung? 

Aug 15, 2013

स्याङ्जाको फलाङ गाउँका नेपाली युवा शिव न्यौपाने बृहत अंग्रेजी शब्दकोष (डिक्सनरी) प्रकाशन गर्ने

अष्ट्रेलिया, श्रावण ३० - अष्ट्रेलियाको मेलबर्नमा रहेको विश्वविद्यालयमा पत्रकारिता विषय अध्ययन गरिरहेका नेपाली युवा शिव न्यौपाने बृहत अंग्रेजी शब्दकोष (डिक्सनरी) प्रकाशनमा जुटेका छन् । विद्यार्थी भिषामै अध्ययनरत उनले प्रकाशन गर्ने डिक्सनरीमा करिब ७० हजार शब्दहरु समेटिनेछ ।
स्याङ्जाको फलाङ गाउँमा २८ बर्षअघि जन्मिएका उनले प्रकाशन गर्ने डिक्सनरीको नाम पनि 'फलाङ अंग्रेजी डिक्सनरी' राखेका छन् । ५० हजार मुख्य शब्दहरु र अन्य थप २० हजार शब्दहरु समेटिने उक्त डिक्सनरीको आधाभन्दा बढी कार्य सकिइसकेको र सन २०१४ को अन्त्यसम्ममा प्रकाशन गरिने तयारी रहेको छ । अंग्रेजी भाषामा राम्रो दख्खल राख्ने उनले सन २०१० को सुरुवातदेखि यो कार्यको थालनी गरेको बताए । डिक्सनरी प्रकाशनको क्रममा पुरानादेखि नयाँ पुस्तकहरुका साथै प्राप्त सबै प्रकारका अंग्रेजी भाषा सम्बन्धि लेख रचनाहरु र सबै प्रकारका शब्दहरुको संकलन गरेका उनले घरमै सानो लाइब्रेरी स्थापना गरिसकेका छन् ।
नेपालको ह्‍वाइट हाउस कलेजबाट पत्रकारितामा प्लस टू सकेर सन २००७ मा अष्ट्रेलिया थप अध्ययनका लागि आएका उनी यहाँ पनि अंग्रेजी भाषाका पत्रपत्रिकाहरुमा लेख रचना प्रकाशित गर्दै आएका छन् । यसका साथै नेपालीहरुले गरेको संघर्ष, उनीहरुको सपना र नेपालको अवस्थालाई चित्रण गरेर उनले 'इन द लाष्ट परस्युट अफ युटोपियन लाईफ इन अष्ट्रेलिया' नामको पुस्तक अंग्रेजी भाषामा प्रकाशित गरिसकेका छन् ।
'अंग्रेजी भाषा जान्नु र बुझ्नु मात्र ठुलो कुरा होइन्, यसलाई उपयोग गरेर केही योगदान गरौं भन्ने सोचेर मैले डिक्सनरी प्रकाशनको काम थालेको हो,' न्यौपानेले ईकान्तिपुरसँग भने । कुनै नेपालीले बृहत रुपमा प्रकाशन गर्न लागेको अंग्रेजी भाषाको डिक्सनरी यो नै पहिलो हुने उनको दाबी छ ।
उनको यो प्रयासलाई अष्ट्रेलियामा सकारात्मक रुपमा हेरिएको छ भने नेपालबाट आरके शर्माले सहयोग गरिरहेका छन् । साथै उनले तयार गरेको डिक्सनेरी प्रकाशनको जिम्मा जय कालिका पब्लिकेशनले लिएको छ । 'मैले यो कामको लागि करिब ३ बर्ष बिताइसकेको छु भने अब डेढ बर्षभित्रमा यो तयार भएर बजारमा आउनेछ,' न्यौपानेले थपे, 'मेरो यो कामलाई अष्ट्रेलियाबाट मात्र हैन नेपालबाट समेत सहयोग र हौसला पाएको छु ।'

आजसम्म प्रकाशन भएका अधिकांश ठूला डिक्सनरीहरु स्थानका नामबाट प्रकाशित भएका र आफ्नो डिक्सनरी पनि आफू जन्मेको स्थानको नामबाट प्रकाशन गर्न लागेको उनले जानकारी दिए ।
source: Narayan Khadka, ekantipur

Aug 9, 2013

Knowledge neither gives you autocratic power to hold everyone else’s knowledge in disdain nor a clean chit to do as you wish

In one of his recent writings, Baburam Bhattarai started with a Sanskrit slogan, fully aware that many people would not understand it. Does that matter? Not really, he knows that the majority of readers will take his translation of the slogan as fact. Whether it is correct or not is not important. The use of it, however, not only establishes him as a learned scholar but simultaneously makes the rest of us ignorant fools. Hence, more interpretations are thrown our way. So Marxism is not class emancipation but ethnic emancipation. Yes, it is. The doctor sahib just told us. Killing people is liberation against historical oppression. We witnessed it in the last decade. And yes, sacrifice of party position means getting more power.
I do not mean to belittle Bhattarai but want to use him as an example to discuss how our society is plagued by a divide between the educated and the illiterate, our unquenchable thirst ‘to be educated’ without analysing what exactly is learnt and our constant need to be guided by these scholars while we disdain our own values. The majority of people hence wait for their voices to be represented by these learned people. In my recent work, I noticed the confidence with which school goers responded to my questions versus non-school goers. The latter explained themselves as ‘blind’, ‘like animals’ and ‘what do we know?’ Ironically, their responses were more eloquent than the previous group. However, a lack of school credentials, and increasingly English, are as good as being ‘blind’.
On the other hand, we patronise those political leaders who do not have formal education (common phrases like she has not even passed class five or it is so embarrassing to hear him speak English). How else do we explain Bhattarai’s popularity after the war when urban elites happily blamed Maoist rag-tags (i.e. not as educated) for all the atrocities while portraying the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) graduate as a PhD holder, SLC topper and as a learned man who will lead Nepal into the light. Prachanda had been the wartime leader but hey, previous to that he was only a teacher, that too in Gorkha. Not good enough for the ‘educated’ lot of Kathmandu. This is intentionally entrenched so that a small select group of people can continue to control a larger mass without engaging in rational discussions. In many cases, there is no guarantee that this small scholarly group knows what they are talking about. Let me explain.
Hindu knowledge, once a guarded territory of a few male priests, was sacred and in Sanskrit. This made it difficult for common people to know what was actually being learnt and from the altar of an enlightened world, the few could look down and order the ignorant lot without being questioned. Not much has changed even after education spread to the masses.
Baburam Bhattarai’s rise in politics has much to do with this perception of him being a ‘learned’ man. This reverence largely stems from the degrees he has earned, rather than wisdom per se. His wisdom is difficult to ascertain because his writings are abstract. Neither have many of us have read his PhD thesis or his books, which I find far too incomprehensible, even though I don’t consider myself stupid. Even CK Lal has noted the difficulty of deciphering Bhattarai’s writings. But it is precisely such writing and rhetoric that succeed in creating a feeling of intellectual inferiority among others, so successful that even the opposition parties once wanted Bhattarai to be prime minister. Although Bhattarai’s popularity has nosedived recently, many accept that he is the most knowledgeable politician, not because they understand him but rather, because they don’t. When Bhattarai defended Dekendra Thapa’s accused murderers, a question people had was “how can such a learned man do so?” Interestingly, this group forgot that Bhattarai is the Maoist ideologue based on whose scholarly arguments many people like Thapa were killed in the first place.
But we still desire a doctorsahib not only in a hospital but also in politics so that they can operate on us and make us ‘well’ and represent the pakhes in a ‘civil’ manner. If the illiterates are simply objects to be diagnosed by scholars and they themselves think they are as good as blind, where does that leave our democratic process where everyone’s voice should count as we have a large illiterate population? No wonder scholars dress up people’s misery in contradictory theoretical concepts that the oppressed would not have expressed in the first place.
If these scholars were half correct it may be OK, but they are not. What do you make of a socialist movement that in reality is a capitalist revolution, even as the proponents continue to preach the ills of capitalism? I have, however, come to terms with such contradictions. After being enraged with Bhattarai for betraying socialist ideals, I have concluded that it is not his fault. He probably never understood it owing to the rote learning education system he grew up in. Bloom argued long ago that education involves not only remembering (rote learning) but also understanding and analysis;  the latter are not strong points of our education system.
It appears nothing is as important as education. Recently a mother committed suicide leaving a note to her young son that read “babu study well and become a thulo manchhe”. Babu on the other hand may have preferred to have mother’s love.
I do value education immensely and am pursuing a PhD myself. But knowledge neither gives you autocratic power to hold everyone else’s knowledge in disdain nor a clean chit to do as you wish. You don’t need to go to school to have your voice respected.
It is time to de-school ourselves and our learned leaders. We could start
from Bhattarai. It is particularly immoral for Bhattarai to use his educational
credentials when he himself forced many children out of school, some as child soldiers, calling it a useless bourgeois system.  
Khadka is a PhD candidate at Monash University, Australia

Jul 30, 2013

चमत्कारी पुष्प कमल दाहाल उर्फ प्रचन्ड !

-शेखर ढुङेल, अमेरिका

 राजनैतिक ब्यबस्था र देश बिकास को लागि आफु लाई दैबी शक्ती प्राप्त चमत्कारी तत्व ठान्ने पुष्प कमल दाहाल उर्फ प्रचन्ड पथ मा नेपाल हिंडेको ३ बर्ष बित्यो । स्वयम प्रचन्ड ले नेत्रित्व गरेको प्रथम गणतान्त्रिक सरकार ९ महिना मा नै ढल्यो । र प्रचन्ड प्रलाप गर्दै छन ' ' बिदेशी प्रभु को कारण ढले । कस्तो बिडम्बना ? । जनता लाई सर्ब शक्ती मान बनाउन जनता कै बली दिएर स्वदेशी प्रभु ढालेका प्रचन्ड आज ९ महिना नपुग्दै बिदेशी प्रभु का कारण ढल्दछन , उन्को शासंन काल मा तीन सय भन्दा सिमा स्तम्भ फ्याकिएका छन , देश का धर्म , सस्क्रिती , राज्य का स्थाई ब्याबसायिक सम्यन्त्र राजनीति को कोप भाजन भएका छन यस बेला कतै प्रचन्ड नै राष्ट्रिय एकता का प्रतिक , स्वाधिनता का पहरेदार स्वदेशी प्रभु ढालेको मा पछुताएका त छैनन ? ससदिय दल हरु को लागि त स्वदेशी प्रभु ढाल्नु सौता को रिस ले पोइको काख मा सु सु गर्नु जस्तै भै सक्यो ।

एक स्वतन्त्र राष्ट्र ले गर्ने प्रत्यक निर्णय मा बिदेशी प्रभु को निर्देशन र आशिर्बाद थाप्नु पर्ने अवस्था मा देश लाई पुर्याए पछी कसरी जोगिएला हाम्रो सार्बभौमा सत्ता सम्पन्न स्वतन्त्र राष्ट्र को स्वाधिन अस्तित्व ? स्वदेशी प्रभु लाई ढालेर तराइ लाई श्रीलन्का को तामिल बनाउने योजना बोकेका को साथ लिएर हिंडेका प्रचन्ड ले सत्ता बाट फुस्के पछी बिदेशी प्रभु को बिरोध गर्नु ''अङ्गुर अमिलो ''को उपमा लिएका छन बुद्धिजिबी हरु ले ।

सयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ मा नेपाल लाई स्थापित गराउने , पेरिस शिखर सम्मेलन देखी दक्षिण एसियाली सम्मेलन ढाका सम्मा स्वतन्त्र देश को अस्तित्व बिस्व सामु प्रस्तुत गर्ने स्वदेशी प्रभु लाई ढाल्न बिदेशी प्रभु को निर्देशन् स्विकार गरी सत्ता मा पुगेका प्रचन्ड किन यती छिट्टै बिदेशी प्रभु देखी बिच्किए ? सार्बभौम स्वाधिन नेपाल को आन्तरिक समस्या मिलाउन नस्क्ने र मिलाइदिन बिद्शी प्रभु लाई हार गुहार गर्न नहिच्किचाउने प्रचन्ड ले अहिले गरेको बिरोध म कुटे जस्तो गर्छु त रोए जस्तो गर भने जस्तो मात्र हो । लुकी छिपी लाजिम्पाट प्रभु का जाँदा र सत्ता को स्वाद पाउदा सम्मा ठीक अहिले के को बिरोध ?

 स्वदेशी प्रभु हरु ले आज सम्म यो देश र जनता को शिर ठाडो पारी राखेका थिए । कोइ सित नझुकी शान्त कुटनिती मार्फत सबै सित मधुर सम्बन्ध र देश को मर्यादा लाई उच्च बनाइ राखेका थिए । मेची महाकाली , हिमाल तराइ का सबै नेपाली हुँ भनी गर्ब गर्दथे । जनता भन्दा एक कदम क्रान्ति कारी थिए स्वदेशी प्रभु क्रान्तिकारी भुमी सुधार , गाउ फर्क राष्ट्रिय अभियान , मुलुकी एैन र सामाजिक सुधार एैन लागु गरेकै थिए । बिकास निर्माण पनि समय साक्षेप हुँदै थियो । देश बिकास को बाधक स्वदेशी प्रभु थिएनन प्रचन्ड ले सन्केत गरेका बिदेशी प्रभु नै थिए भन्ने कुराको हेक्का भैसक्यो होला नै ।

 जो मरे पनि आफ्नै नागरिक मर्ने हुन ससद बादी नेता सुध्रिउन , बाटो बिराएका माओवादी लाई पनि सहि बाटो मा लेराउनु पर्दछ शैनिक लगाएर दबाउनु हुन्न भन्ने स्वदेशी प्रभु प्रचन्ड का दुस्मन भए ? तर गौर कान्ड मार्फत आँफै बिरुद्ध जेहाद छोड्ने बिद्शी प्रभु का मतियार ''सत्ता सारथी हुने ''? कस्तो बिडम्बना ? कस्तो अहम ?कत्ती अबुझ ? त्यसै बेला फौजी कार्यबाही भएको हुदो होत प्रचन्ड को पनि लिट्टे का प्रभाकरण कै झै हालत भै सक्ने थियो । शैनिक लगाएर नदबाएको मा स्वदेशी प्रभु ले नै माओवादी लाई उठाएको हो यो दरबार कै ग्राइन्डडिजाइन हो भन्ने सम्मको आरोप लाग्दा पनि प्रचन्ड बचेँ । नारायण हिटी दरबार ढलाएर दिल्ली दरबार खडा नहोस भनी खबर्दारी गर्ने मनुज चौधरी आज सत्य साबित भएका छन ।

 अझै पनि समय छ राष्ट्रिय एकता , सार्बभौम सत्ता , स्वाधिनता रक्षा को लागि राष्ट्रिय एकता को रुपमा अबिचलित राजसस्था , ससदिय ब्यबस्था र रास्ट्रिय सहमति को राजनीति लाई अगाडि बढाइ बिदेशी प्रभु हरु लाई निस्तेज गर्न । अन्यथा नेपाल मा बिदेशी प्रभु हरु को राज चल्यो चल्यो स्वदेशी प्रभु लाई हटाएको पाप भोग्यो भोग्यो प्रचन्ड लगायत सारा नेपाली ले ।(यो लेखक को निजी बिचार हो - सम्पादक)

कबिता - भन्छिन मेरी उनी

-शेखर ढुङेल


न पछ्याउ अब मलाई


मेरो बाटो अझै कठिन हुँदैछ


हिंड्नु छ मलाई


काडा घारि को गोरेटो


तिम्रो सुकिलो लिवास


उध्रिन सक्छ


चिल्लो फराकिलो बाटो


रोज्ने हरु


दोष मलाई आउन सक्छ


फर्की जाउ सुख को संसार


मलाई त अझै पत्थरिला


बाटो मा हिंड्नु छ


साथ लागे त तिम्रो


कोमल पाउ मा घाऊ लाग्न सक्छ


टाढै बस रमाउ जहाँ छौ


मेरो बस्ती मा त


प्रदुषण ले बिमार पार्न सक्छ


बेच तिम्रो ज्ञान को भन्डार्


उतै तिर


यता त बित्रिष्णा आउन सक्छ


म त जिर्ण भैसके अब मैले


तिम्रो सन्तान को


भबिस्य कोर्न सक्दिन


टाढै राख तिन्लाई


गरिबि ले कुन्ठा बढ्न सक्छ


ओत लाग्ने आसा मारिदेउ


यो खर को छानो


जुनै बेला ढल्न सक्छ


काम को के भरोसा म मा


दौरा र टोपी को


काम समेत बन्द हुँदै छन


सभ्य समाज मा रमाउ तिमी


मेरो आगन मा त


बिक्रिती को पहाड खडा छ


तिम्रा कोइ दौतरी छैनन यहाँ


घर घर मा थरी थरी का डन्डा छन


नपठाउ मलाई अरब बाट


पसिना ले भिजेको चिट्ठी


रोएर म सिथिल भै सके


बाँकी छैन अब यहाँ


तिम्रो पुर्खा को अस्मिता


च्यातिएर धुजा धुजा भैसक्यो


नझार परदेश बाट


औपचारिकता का आशु


म त तिम्रो लागि अर्घेली भैसके


तिम्रो छाती मा कुदिएको


मेरो नाम खुइलिसकेछ


नदोर्याउ कथा राम र बुद्ध को


लिट्टे र तलिवान ले तिन्को


हरण गरिसकेका छन


न झकझकैराख तिमी हरु


टाढा बाट


यो अस्थिपन्जर


ढल्नै आटि सकेको छ


न आउ फर्की घुर्की देखाउन


यही कै ले छाती थिल थिलो


पारिसकेका छन


शुभकामना परदेशिएका लाई


उही चाउरी परेकी नेपाल आमा